The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature. Revised edition.


The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature. Revised edition.


Cunningham, Graham (ed.); Ebeling, Jarle (ed.); Black, Jeremy (deceased) (ed.); Flückiger-Hawker, Esther (ed.); Robson, Eleanor (ed.); Taylor, Jon (ed.); Zólyomi, Gábor (ed.)


Distributed by the University of Oxford under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.

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English; Sumerian

Editorial Practice

Encoding format: TEI XML

OTA keywords

Linguistic corpora

LC keywords

Sumerian literature
Cuneiform inscriptions, Sumerian
Poetry, Ancient

  • designation: CollectionText
  • size: 812 files : ca. 22.4 MB
Creation Date

2100 BCE-1700 BCE

Source Description

Copyright holders for this digital resource are Jeremy Black, Graham Cunningham, Jarle Ebeling, Esther Flückiger-Hawker, Eleanor Robson, Jon Taylor, and Gábor Zólyomi

Note: This edition of the ETCSL is an expansion, revision and enhancement of the first-time deposit of the corpus (OTA catalogue item 2424 - currently not available).

Note: The Electronic Text Corpus of Sumerian Literature (ETCSL) comprises transliterations and English translations of 394 compositions attested on sources dating to the period from approximately 2100 to 1700 BCE. The compositions are divided into seven categories: ancient literary catalogues; narrative compositions; royal praise poetry and hymns to deities on behalf of rulers; literary letters and letter-prayers; divine and temple hymns; proverbs and proverb collections; and a more general category including compositions such as debates, dialogues and riddles. The numbering of the compositions within the corpus follows Miguel Civil's unpublished catalogue of Sumerian literature (etcslfullcat.html).Files with an initial c are composite transliterations (a reconstructed text editorially assembled from the extant exemplars but including substantive variants) in which the cuneiform signs are represented in the Roman alphabet. Files with an initial t are translations. The composite files include full references for the cuneiform sources and author-date references for the secondary sources (detailed in bibliography.xml). The composite and translation files are in XML and have been annotated according to the TEI guidelines. In terms of linguistic information, each word form in the composite transliterations has been assigned to a lexeme which is specified by a citation form, word class information and basic English translation.

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